Understanding Tea's Role in Indian Society

Understanding Tea's Role in Indian Society

Tea holds a special place in Indian society, deeply rooted in its history and traditions. The love affair between Indians and tea is a tale that never ends. Known as "Chai" in Hindi, tea is the heart and soul of daily life in India. From religious rituals to social gatherings, tea is an integral part of Indian culture. 

In this article, we will explore the genesis of tea in India, its taste variations, its role in morning and evening rituals, its importance in office culture, its significance in important discussions, its connection to travel, and its overall prominence in Indian society.


Genesis of Tea in India

The journey of tea in India dates back centuries, with mentions of tea found in ancient scripts like the Ramayana. According to the Ramayana, the leaves of a certain plant in the Himalayas were used for healing, which is believed to be the tea plant. However, it was during the British colonial era in the 19th century that tea was officially introduced and popularized in India through the establishment of the East India Company. Since then, tea has held a prominent place in Indian society.


The Taste of India

India is renowned for its chai, which is the Hindi word for tea. It is the second-largest producer of tea in the world, and one of the most beloved versions of tea in India is masala chai. Masala chai is a sweet yet spicy decoction infused with milk and a blend of aromatic spices. It is a hybrid of British tea and the Indian tradition of adding spices and herbs to the beverage. Each region in India has its unique variations of tea, such as Mumbai's cutting chai, Hyderabad's Iranian chai, and Kashmiri chai, each with its distinct flavors.


Morning Rituals and Evening Soirees

Tea is the focal beverage of Indian families and sets the tone for the day. It is usually enjoyed twice a day, much like the British tradition. Some families have breakfast together, while for others, it is more of an individual affair. Regardless, tea is the morning companion for many Indians. From Earl Grey and English Breakfast to strong ginger or masala chai, tea provides the wake-up call that people need. In the evenings, tea becomes a more relaxed affair, where neighbors drop in for a quick hello or guests come to visit. It is the beverage that brings everyone together, especially when paired with hot pakoras, a popular Indian snack. Whether in the mornings or evenings, tea is the ubiquitous drink that ties people together.


The Quintessential Office Chai Breaks

Chai breaks in Indian offices are more than just regular work breaks. They are moments when important decisions are made, deals are closed, employees are hired, and travel plans are confirmed. It is during these chai breaks that colleagues bond and collaborate, making it essential to be a part of the tea-drinking culture in the office. For those who don't drink tea, it's always wise to join the team during these breaks to build relationships and stay informed.


Let's Discuss This Over a Cup of Tea

Tea breaks are not just limited to the office but also serve as a platform for discussions and decision-making in various aspects of Indian society. Whether it's sealing a business deal with a client or even fixing a marriage alliance in arranged marriages, tea meetings play a significant role. The power of tea in fostering discussions led to a political campaign in India called "Chai Pe Charcha," which translates to "discussion over a cup of tea." Over a thousand stalls were set up across 300 cities, connecting grassroots communities through tea. It exemplifies the prominence of tea in Indian society, even in the political arena.


Companion for Travelers

Tea has also become a companion for travelers in India. The connection between tea and travel can be traced back to the British Raj era when the Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, which started in 1878, had its roots in the Indian tea industry. The Indian Tea Association used the railway as an experiment to globalize tea. Even today, the tradition of tea vendors walking through train carriages, calling out "chai-chai-chai," continues. Passengers, even in sweltering heat, find solace in a steamy cup of masala chai. Tea is interwoven into the fabric of Indian society, and even at train stations, a good cup of tea can be easily found at street corners rather than at a fancy restaurant. It is this accessibility and comfort that makes tea a beloved travel companion for many.



Tea's cultural significance in Indian society cannot be overstated. From its genesis in ancient scripts to its popularity during the British colonial era, tea has become an integral part of Indian culture. Whether it's the taste variations of masala chai or regional specialties, tea has something to offer every palate. It plays a central role in morning rituals, evening gatherings, office culture, important discussions, and even travel experiences. Tea brings people together, fosters conversations, and symbolizes hospitality. It is an essential thread that weaves through the diverse fabric of Indian society, connecting people from all walks of life over a steaming cup of chai.